Over-The-Counter (OTC) Treatments

Over The Counter (OTC) Acne Products

Over The Counter (OTC) acne treatments are the first thing that most people try for their acne. There are hundreds of different products on the shelves of drugstores and supermarkets that are designed to help relieve and prevent acne. OTC treatments can be helpful for people with mild acne. However, they tend to be ineffective for people with moderate to severe acne. Individuals with significant acne symptoms should not rely solely on OTC treatments. Instead, they should work with their healthcare provider to implement an effective treatment plan.

OTC Treatment Groups

Washes

Acne Face WashMedicated face and body washes are a popular type of OTC acne treatment. Acne cleansers can be helpful for drying out oily skin. However, cleansers are not very effective for acne treatments because acne is not caused by dirt or bacteria on the surface of the skin. Despite the claims of various commericals, these cleansers do not penetrate deeply into follicles and are therefore are not capable of treating the root causes of acne.

Most cleansers contain triclosan, an antibacterial compound, as their active ingredient. In general, washing your face with a gentle cleaner once or twice a day is a good idea. Washing more than this is generally not helpful and can often cause irritation and dry skin. Detailed discussion about the various face and body cleansers can be found here.

Cleanser Pads

Cleanser Pads are nice because when you are done using them you can often see the “dirt” on the pad and it feels like you have done something concrete about your acne. Unfortunately, the “dirt” that you see on the pad is unlikely to be the source of your acne symptoms. While some people do find that cleanser pads help with their oily skin and mild acne symptoms, most people experience minimal overall improvement in the condition of their skin. Like other topical OTC treatments, the active ingredients in cleanser pads are unlikely to penetrate deeply enough into the follicle to unclog blocked pores or suppress the growth of bacteria in the skin.

Most cleanser pads contain a combination of alcohol and salicylic acid, which are both antibacterial and keratolytic. Overuse of these products can cause skin irritation.

Pimple Gels and Creams

Pimple CreamPimple Creams and Gels are very popular and there are a huge number of gels and creams on the market for treating acne. The active ingredient in most of these product is either contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. Other products may contain active ingredients such as sulfur, tea tree oil or glycolic acid.

In general, pimple creams are somewhat effective for mild acne symptoms (Acne Types: 1-2). They are generally ineffective for the treatment of inflammatory acne (Acne Types: 3-4) because they do not penetrate deeply into the skin. Like other topical OTC acne treatments, overuse of these products can irritate the skin.

Pore Strips

Pore StripPore Strips are cool. They may not actually prevent or treat acne, but it is cool to pull off a pore strip and see all of the little towers of gunk that come out of the pores with it. Pore strips are most helpful for removing mild blackheads (open comedones, horny impactions). They are best suited for people with mild acne (Acne Types: 1-2).

There is very little scientific research on whether pore strips improve acne symptoms. However, one study compared the efficacy of Biore pore strips to standard dermatological extraction (manual extraction) of blackheads and found that the pore strips were nearly as effective and were less invasive.

It is important to keep in mind that pore strips only work well with pores that are clogged, but open (blackheads). Acne lesions with closed pores, (eg. whiteheads, pimples, nodules and cysts) are not easily accessible to the sticky material that coats the pore strip. Thus, pore strips are generally ineffective for people with moderate to severe acne symptoms (Acne Types: 3-4).

Exfoliants

Most OTC exfoliants are combine a gentle cleanser with some sort of abrasive ingredient. Gentle exfoliation every once in a while can even skin tone and improve areas of rough skin. OTC exfoliants are generally NOT helpful for treating active acne symptoms.

It is important to be aware that many other topical acne treatments are keratolytic agents, which are essentially chemical exfoliants. Combining these treatments can cause significant skin irritation and dryness. For dry skin, a non-comedogenic moisturizer, such as Cetaphil, is often a more effective treatment than exfoliation.

Facial Masks

Clay Mask FacialFacial Masks are a mainstay of spa treatments. They can also be helpful as acne treatments. But it really depends what the mask is made of. High quality facial masks may help improve mild acne symptoms and improve skin tone and moisture.

Many of the inexpensive OTC facial masks that are sold in drugstores contain a liquid polymer that dries into a thin clear-ish sheet that you then pull off. There is no published research on the efficacy of this type of product (*but in my own experience, they did absolutely nothing helpful). More expensive facial mask products often contain various types of clay in conjunction with other potentially active ingredients such as essential oils or colloidal metals. While there is limited scientific research on this topic, many of these products are well reviewed, particularly for improving oily skin.

Active Ingredients in OTC products

Despite the diversity of OTC acne products, most of these products use the same core set of active ingredients. The active ingredients are primarily antibacterial or keratolytic agents that are designed to kill bacteria, exfoliate the surface of the skin and remove blackheads (open comedones). The most common active ingredients in OTC acne products are discussed below.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic Acid is widely used in OTC acne products, particularly face washes and cleanser pads. At the low concentrations found in OTC acne products, salicylic acid works as mild keratolytic and comedolytic agent. The majority of the scientific research indicates that salicylic acid is moderately effective in the treatment of mild acne symptoms (Acne Types: 1-2), with efficacy rates similar to benzoyl peroxide. However, because OTC salicylic acid treatments do not penetrate deeply into the skin, they are poor options for people suffering from nodular and cystic acne (Acne Types 3-4).

Salicylic acid weakens the bonds between the keratinized cells on the outer surface of the epidermis, causing them to shed more rapidly and encourages new cell growth. At higher concentrations, salicylic acid is toxic and is used in chemical peels and wart removal treatments.

Salicylic acid is usually well tolerated, but some people are allergic to it. Salicylic acid is a molecular cousin of aspirin, and people who are sensitive to aspirin are more likely to be sensitive to salicylic acid. The primary side effects of salicylic acid treatments are dry skin, sensitivity and redness. Excessive use of salicylic acid treatments, or combinations with other topical acne treatments, can exacerbate these side effects.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is as a keratolytic agent and increases shedding of the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). Benzoyl peroxide is also an antibacterial agent. When benzoyl peroxide comes into contact with the skin it breaks down into benzoic acid and oxygen, which are toxic to many types of bacteria (including the acne-causing bacterium P. acnes). It is a common ingredient in face washes and pimple creams.

Extensive research has shown that benzoyl peroxide can be a beneficial treatment for many people suffering from non-inflammatory acne (Acne Types: 1-2). However, because of its limited penetration into the skin, benzoyl peroxide is largely ineffective in treating cystic and nodular forms of acne (Acne Types: 3-4). Benzoyl peroxide is commonly combined with antibiotics, such as clinadmycin and erythromycin, in prescription topical medications. Benzoly peroxide can be combined with many other types of treatments in a comprehensive acne treatment regimen.

Most people tolerate benzoyl peroxide treatment well, with side effects most commonly associated with higher dosages and excessive use. Common side effects of benzoyl peroxide treatment include dry skin, flaking, redness and sensitivity. Benzoyl peroxide is also a potent bleaching agent, and contact with clothes or furniture can cause permanent bleach damage.

Triclosan

Triclosan is a common active ingredient in many OTC acne face washes. Triclosan is an antibacterial agent that is found in many products, such sa soaps and mouthwashes.
The data from both clinical research and patient reports indicate that face washes with Triclosan are mildly helpful for people with mild acne symptoms (Acne Types: 1-2). Like salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, triclosan does not penetrate deeply into the skin and is a poor option for inflammatory acne (Acne Types: 3-4).

Use of triclosan containing washes is usually well tolerated by the user with minimal side effects.Excessive use of any face wash (with our without Triclosan) can cause dryness and skin irritation. There are some concerns that triclosan can degrade into toxic substances such as chlorophenol, dioxin and formaldehyde. However, normal use of topical antibacterial products that contain Triclosan is unlikely to generate toxic conentrations of these molecules. There is currently no evidence that demonstrates a specific health risk from the exposure associated with normal use of Triclosan-containing products.

Astringents

Astringents are used primarily to tighten the skin, diminish redness and relieve oily skin. Astringents are also one of the oldest acne treatments in existence, with their use going back hundreds (or even thousands) of years. Astringents, particularly Witch Hazel, are generally well-reviewed by acne patients, particularly for mild acne symptoms (Acne Types: 1-2). Astringents tend to be most useful for cleansing the skin and for providing a fast-acting, short term improvement in redness and inflammation.

There are many different types of astringents including tannins, gallic acid, witch hazel and alum. The most common OTC astringent is Witch Hazel, which can be found at most stores and pharmacies. Astringents, particularly tannins, are what gives unripe fruit and banana peels to create that puckering, sand-papery mouth feel.

Astringents work by denaturing and/or precipitating proteins. However, there is very little scientific research on the efficacy of astringents as a treatment for acne. Astringents are not expected to be effective acne treatments when used alone. Astringents are unlikely to have a significant effect on the fundamental causes of acne and are generally considered to be short-acting, symptomatic treatments. They can be used by patients with all types of acne (Acne Types: 1-4) and can be combined with many other types of acne treatment.

Light and Laser Treatments

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy

Light and Laser Treatments can be very effective treatments for both active acne and acne scars. There are many types of Light and Laser (L&L) Treatments. Each individual treatment uses a different laser or high-intensity light source to treat a specific problem associated with acne. There are L&L treatments available for people with acne and acne scars of every severity. Here, we have separated L&L treatments into two main categories: L&L Treatments for Active Acne and L&L Treatments for Acne Scars.

L&L Treatments for Active Acne

Blue Light PhototherapyLight and Laser Treatments for Active Acne are a group of relatively new therapies that have produced some promising results. Most L&L Treatments for Active Acne are fairly safe and non-invasive.

L&L Treatments for Active Acne are well-suited for people who do not want to take systemic medications, or for people who may be sensitive to specific medications (eg. pregnant women). L&L Treatments for Active Acne can be combined with many other types of acne treatment (eg. Pharmaceutical, Naturopathic, OTC, etc) as part of a comprehensive acne treatment plan. This section discusses the L&L Treatments that can be used to treat active acne symptoms.

L&L Treatments for Acne Scars

C02 Laser Ablative Skin ResurfacingLight and Laser treatments for Acne Scars can be an excellent option for every type of acne scarring. Powerful ablative lasers can be used to break up scar tissue and repair damage from significant acne scars. Laser systems (C02, Er:YAG, Nd:YAG) are all excellent options for ablative therapies that treat moderate to severe acne scarring. Newer fractional laser systems (eg. Fraxel) can provide comparable cosmetic benefits, but with fewer side effects.

Non-invasive Light and Laser treatments are available for mild acne scars and skin pigmentation problems. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) can be very effective for treating areas of uneven skin pigmentation. Red Light Phototherapy is an experimental, non-invasive treatment that uses high intensity red light to stimulate tissue repair and collagen regrowth in the skin.  These L&L systems can be found in many spas and dermatology clinics. This section discusses the Light and Laser Treatments available for the treatment and repair of acne scars.

Acne Scar Treatments

Ice Pick Acne Scars on Cheek

The infection and inflammation associated with acne can permanently damage the skin and underlying tissue, leaving behind acne scars. While the most important thing is to take immediate action to control your acne and prevent further damage, there is hope for people who have from acne scars. The best choice of acen scar treatment depends on the type of scarring. Minor damage can be repaired with relatively mild topical treatments. Repairing moderate to severe acne scars may require surgical treatments. In this section you can find answers about how acne scars form, an overview of the many types of acne scars, and links types of treatments available for acne scars.

What Causes Acne Scars?

Inflammation and Acne ScarsAcne Scars result from damage to the skin and the underlying tissue. Acne scars are primarily caused by moderate moderate to severe acne inflammatory acne (Acne Types: 3-4).

In the area within and around an inflammatory acne lesion (pimple, nodule or cyst), white blood cells release enzymes that damage the surrounding tissue. This process can cause permanent damage to the underlying collagen matrix that supports the skin. Large areas of damage may not be properly repaired and damaged tissue is instead replaced by fibrous scar tissue, leading to permanent acne scars. For a more detailed discussion about how acne scars form, continue reading here.

Types of Acne Scars

Acne Scar Types DrawingThere are many types of acne scars. The development of acne scars depends on the severity, location and duration of an acne lesion, along with other factors, such as the genetics of the affected person.

Ice pick scars are deep narrow scars that look like little holes in the skin. Boxcar scars are larger depressions in the skin. Rolling scars result from scar-induced collagen remodeling that gives the skin a rolling, uneven appearance. Hypertrophic and Keloid scars are raised, often discolored, areas that are usually composed of scar tissue. Rough or mottled patches with uneven pigmentation or constantly dry/rough/papery skin are a common result of persistent acne infection. Hyper pigmentation, which manifests as darkened, freckle-like spots are also common. Permanently red spots are called erythema and result from damaged capilaries near the skin surface. For a more detailed discussion about the many types of acne scars form, continue reading here.

Scar Treatments

Topical Scar Treatments

Acne Scar Chemical PeelTopical Pharmaceutical and Over The Counter (OTC) Treatments are excellent options for mild to moderate acne scars, and many types of abnormal pigmentation. Topical retinoids have been shown to stimulate cell turnover at the skin surface and the growth of new tissue and collagen in the dermis. Topical hydroquinone can inhibit the production of melanin, helping to gradually lighten dark spots. OTC and Spa-type exfoliating treatments can help relieve minor uneven and rough skin tone. Glycolic acid, azelaic acid, alpha hydroxy acid and others are available as part of OTC and prescription chemical peels. For more information about Topical Acne Scar Treatments, continue reading here.

Light and Laser Scar Treatments

IPL Acne Scar TreatmentLight and Laser Treatments are excellent options for all types of acne scars, from mild to severe. Red light therapy can be helpful in accelerating healing and collagen production. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is very effective at improving the appearance of many types of abnormal pigmentation. Laser-based therapies are quickly becoming the dominant technology in cosmetic dermatology. Laser systems can be used for both ablative (invasive) and non-ablative (non-invasive) skin resurfacing. Specialized laser treatments are available for the treatment of irregular pigmentation, erythema (permanent redness) and a wide range of scar types. Because the wavelength (color) and intensity of a laser determines the depth that it penetrates the skin and what kinds of molecules it excites, laser therapy is a highly flexible and functional tool. In this section we overview many of the available laser technologies and their applications. For a more detailed discussion about the many light and laser-based treatments for acne scars, continue reading here.

Clinical/Surgical Scar Treatments

Subcision Treatment of Acne ScarsClinical/Surgical Treatments are generally the most effective approach for repairing the damage associated with moderate to severe acne scars. There are many different types of surgical approaches that are used in acne scar treatment. Microdermabrasion and chemical peels are frequently used to treat moderate cases of acne scarring. Surgical approaches (subcision, punch excision, fillers, etc) are generally the most effective treatments for severe acne scars. Clinical microdermabrasion is a technique that superficially abrades the skin with a high-pressure flow of crystals. For a more detailed discussion about the many clinical/surgical treatments for acne scars, continue reading here.

Pharmaceuticals

Pharmacy

Pharmaceutical Treatments are an important part of many acne treatment regimens. They are particularly useful for patients with moderate to severe acne symptoms. A wide variety of medications are routinely used to treat acne symptoms, but almost all of them are members of one of four major pharmaceutical types: Antibiotics, Retinoids, Keratolytics or Hormonal Treatments. Each class of medications is has a unique complement of advantages and disadvantages. These families are profiled below.

Antibiotics

oral antibioticsAntibiotics kill bacteria. The excessive growth of bacteria in the skin is often a major contributor to acne symptoms. Inhibiting bacterial growth with antibiotics can help improve acne symptoms for many people.

There are several types of antibiotics that are routinely used to treat acne. For the treatment of acne, antibiotics can be administered topically or taken orally. This section contains information and reviews about all of the antibiotics that are regularly used as acne treatments.

Keratolytics

benzoyl peroxideKeratolytics help improve acne symptoms by preventing the formation of “clogged pores”. They work by helping to soften and remove the outermost layer of the skin and help open up plugged pores and follicles. Keratolytics, and other types of exfoliants, can also helpful for improving the appearance of mild acne scars and small areas of uneven skin.

Many keratolytics are available at lower concentrations in Over The Counter products (eg. Benzoyl peroxide), while products with higher concentrations of active ingredient can be obtained at pharmacies. Keratolytics are primarily used for the treatment of mild acne vulgaris (Acne Types: 1-2) and are generally poorly effective for the treatment of moderate to severe acne symptoms (Acne Types: 3-4). This section contains information and reviews about all of the keratolytic medications that are regularly used as acne treatments.

Retinoids

accutaneRetinoids are medications that decrease the production of sebum (oil) in the skin. Retinoids can improve acne symptoms by decreasing the growth of bacteria in the skin and preventing formation of hyper-keratinized plugs (clogged pores). Retinoids also increase cellular turnover in the skin and are a common treatment for mild acne scars and fine lines. Retinoids are available in both topical and oral formulations.

Topical retinoids are applied directly to the skin and are a very common treatment for all types of acne, although they tend to be less effective against moderate to severe acne. Topical retinoids are often combined with a complementary medication, such as an antibiotic. Oral retinoids (Isotretinoin aka Accutane) are ingested and affect the entire body. Oral retinoids can have significant side effects and are generally only used in the treatment of moderate to severe acne (Acne Types: 3-4). This section contains information and reviews about all of the retinoids that are regularly used as acne treatments.

Hormonal Treatments

birth control pillsHormones contribute to acne. Androgen hormones (eg. testosterone) can stimulate the growth of sebaceous glands and increase the production of sebum (oily skin). Overactive sebaceous glands and excessive sebum production can contribute to the growth of acne-causing bacteria, and can lead to hyper-keratinized follicles (clogged pores). Treatments that suppress the activity of androgen hormones are helpful for many women who are struggling with acne (hormonal treatments are rarely used in men because of the side effects).

Depending on the specific medication, hormonal treatments are used to treat all types of acne (Acne Types: 1-4). Hormonal birth control pills (“The Pill”) are the most common hormonal treatment in the world and these medications can have a significant impact on acne symptoms. Other types of hormonal treatments include androgen inhibitors and corticosteroids. Hormonal Treatments contains information and reviews about all of the hormonal treatments that are regularly used as acne treatments.

Naturopathic Treatments

Sweet Mint

Nature is the fundamental source of all medicine. Humans have been utilizing the medicinal properties of plants, animals, fungi and minerals since the dawn of civilization. This section is devoted to covering Naturopathic, Homeopathic, Ayurvedic and Nutritional/Dietary solutions that are available to acne sufferers. The goal of this Naturopathic Treatments section is to help you identify solutions that are likely to be effective for you, understand what they are and how they work.

What is Naturopathic Medicine?

There are huge numbers of biologically active molecules that can be isolated from natural sources. When it comes to naturopathic medicine, the biggest challenge is to separate fact from fiction. While some naturopathic treatments are based on solid scientific reasoning and have a long history of successful medicinal use, others are fraudulent at best and dangerous at worst. The challenge is to identify the legitimate naturopathic therapies in a sea of snake oil.

A lot of people, particularly those in the medical profession, dismiss naturopathic solutions as ineffective quackery. On the other side of the fence, many practitioners and patients of naturopathic and homeopathic medicine are inherently suspicious of the medical establishment and commercial pharmaceuticals. The reality is that naturopathic medicine, like most anything else, contains both truth and falsehoods. Indeed, truth can be found on both sides of the fence.

Essential Oils

Essential Oils and Acne
Essential Oils and Acne

Essential oils and other plant extracts contain significant quantities of biologically active small molecules and enzymes. Often times these molecules are part of the plant’s own defense mechanism against viral, bacterial and fungal infection.

Numerous plant extracts have been shown to have potent anti-bacterial activity against the two types of bacteria most commonly implicated in acne outbreaks, P. acnes and S. aureus. Other extracts have been shown to contain retinoid family compounds that are similar, if not identical, to those contained in prescription medications, such as Tretinoin (Retin-A). Some plant compounds have effective anti-inflammatory agents that could potentially decrease the swelling and pain associated with acne.

Herbal and Nutritional Supplements

EchinaceaHerbal Supplements (aka Botanicals) often come in the form of capsules that contain dried and powdered pieces of specific plants. There are lots and lots (and lots) of herbal supplements on the market. A number of these have been marketed specifically for the treatment of acne. While many herbal supplements provide legitimate support for certain medical conditions, they are usually not effective treatments for acne. This section covers the few herbal supplements that may actually be beneficial to acne sufferers, as well as many others that are commonly marketed as acne treatments but are most likely useless.

Nutritional SupplementsNutritional Supplements are a very common remedy for all types of acne. It is well known that deficiencies in essential vitamins and minerals can cause or worsen numerous health problems, including skin diseases like acne. What is less well understood is whether supplementation with high levels of vitamins, minerals or other compounds can improve health or help resolve disease. In this section we analyze the potential benefits and risks of supplementation with vitamins, minerals, extracts and more.

Dietary

DietDietary choices – what you eat and do not eat – have a huge impact on your metabolism, immune system and overall health. Thus, it is reasonable to expect that diet also has a direct impact on acne symptoms. Sugar, milk, chocolate and many other foods have been suggested to contribute to acne. Although some of these claims are probably not true, others are supported by compelling scientific evidence. This section covers common dietary regimens (eg. vegan, Atkins, Mediterranean, etc.) and specific dietary restrictions (dairy, chocolate, sugar, etc).

Physical and Spiritual

ExercisePhysical exercise is a critical component of overall health. Exercise boosts the immune system directly and indirectly by impacting hormones, body composition, metabolism and mental state. There are many ways to engage in physical activity.

Spiritual interventions (eg. Prayer, Meditation), Aromatherapy, Acupuncture are also approaches that some people take to help treat their acne symptoms. This section covers a range of physical and spiritual activities, from Yoga to weight-lifting, and explores how these activities might impact acne.

Topical Naturopathic Remedies

Topical Naturopathic Remedies for AcneTopical Naturopathic Remedies extend beyond essential oils and plant extracts to include a wide variety of alternative treatments, many of which have a long and successful history in medicine. Sulfur, yogurt, silver, calamine, honey and many other substances are all commonly used to create topical acne treatments. This section covers these topical naturopathic remedies (along with many more) and explores there history, science and effectiveness as acne treatments.

Acne Treatments

Physician

What is the best acne treatment for you?

Choosing the best acne treatment(s) for each individual depends on many factors. The type and severity of your acne, your age, gender, treatment history and personal preferences are all important. If possible, you should work with your dermatologist or healthcare provider to develop a comprehensive acne treatment plan that is specifically tailored to your needs.

Treatments for active acne and acne scars can be roughly divided into 6 different categories: Over The Counter (OTC) Treatments, Pharmaceutical (Rx) Treatments, Naturopathic/Homeopathic Treatments, Light & Laser Treatments, Surgical Treatments and Acne Scar Treatments. Click on a category below to explore specific treatment options in greater detail.

Over The Counter (OTC) Treatments

Over The Counter (OTC) Acne ProductsWhen most people first develop acne symptoms, they initially turn to Over The Counter (OTC) acne products. These products are generally topical medications and they are widely available at grocery stores, department stores and pharmacies. Common OTC acne products include face washes, creams, masks, astringents and pore strips. Many of these products contain one of two active ingredients – Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic Acid.

Pharmaceutical Treatments

Oral AntibioticsFor many individuals with moderate to severe acne (Acne Types: 2-4), Pharmaceutical Treatments are required to significantly improve their acne symptoms. Pharmaceutical treatments include oral and topical medications that are available primarily from a clinician or pharmacy. There are many different types of Pharmaceutical medications that are used in the treatment of acne, including Antibiotics, Retinoids and Hormonal Treatments.

Naturopathic Treatments

Sweet MintMany modern medicines are derived from natural products that have been used in traditional medicine for thousands of years. Many plant extracts and other natural products have properties that can be helpful for individuals with acne. Naturopathic/Homeopathic acne treatments include include Essential Oils, Herbal Supplements, aromatherapies, special/restrictive diets, nutritional supplements and more.

Light & Laser Treatments

Blue Light PhototherapyLight and Laser therapies are available for the treatment of both active acne and acne scars. Light-based treatments such as Blue Light Phototherapy can be valuable additions to a comprehensive acne treatment regimen. Laser-based treatments such as Fraxel are among the most effective treatments for established acne scars.

Surgical Treatments

Acne Scar Subcision ProcedureSurgical Treatments are available for active acne and acne scars. Many dermatologists routinely perform simple surgical procedures such as comedome (blackhead) extraction for their patients. Individuals with severe inflammatory acne may have nodules and cysts that may need to be surgically lanced and drained, in order to heal. Surgical Treatments are often the best option for patients with Moderate to severe acne scarring. There are many types of surgical Treatments for acne scars, including Chemical Peels, Microdermabrasion, nNedling, Subcision and more.

Acne Scar Treatments

CROSS TCA Acne Scar TreatmentAcne Scars can be difficult to repair, but fortunately there are many different kinds of Acne Scar Treatments available.  The best treatment for an individual with Acne Scars depends on the type and severity of their scars. Treatments specifically for Acne Scars can be found in each of the categories listed above. This section contains a collection of treatments, selected from the above categories, that are specifically useful for treating acne scars.