Clove Essential Oil is derived from the clove plant (Syzygium aromaticum), which is native to Indonesia.
Clove Essential Oil has antiseptic and analgesic properties, and it is extensively used in both western and traditional medicine. Before the advent of modern numbing agents, concentrated Clove Essential Oil was commonly used in dentistry as a local anesthetic and disinfectant.
Clove Essential Oil is used as extensively as a Naturopathic treatment for respiratory diseases and skin diseases, such as acne. Many people have reported that the pain and infection relieving properties of Clove Essential oil helped to improve their acne symptoms. Clove Essential is often diluted and blended with other essential oils and plant extracts for use as a topical acne treatment.
The primary component of Clove Essential Oil is eugenol. Laboratory research has shown that eugenol is highly toxic to Propionibacterium acnes, the bacteria commonly involved in acne infections. However, eugenol and concentrated Clove Essential Oil are known skin irritants. Because of this, clove oil is almost always diluted prior to use.
The antibacterial activity of clove essential oil against Propionibacterium acnes and its mechanism of action. Fu, et al. 2009.
Antibacterial and antifungal properties of essential oils. Kalemba, et al. 2003.
Biological effects of essential oils: A review. Bakkali, et al. 2008.
Antifungal activities of the essential oils in Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. Et Perry and Leptospermum petersonii Bailey and their constituents against various dermatophytes. Park, et al. 2007.
The Encyclopedia of essential oils: the complete guide to the use of aromatic oils in aromatherapy, herbalism, health, and well being. Lawless. 2013.
Antimicrobial activity of essential oils against five strains of Propionibacterium acnes. Luangnarumitchai, et al. 2007.
In vitro bioactivities of clove buds oil (Eugenia caryophyllata) and its effect on dermal fibroblast. Khunkitti, et al. 2012.
Global yields, chemical compositions and antioxidant activities of clove basil (Ocimum gratissimum L.) extracts obtained by supercritical fluid extraction. Leal, et al. 2006.