Juniper Berry Essential Oil

Ripe and Unripe Juniper Berries on Plant

Juniper Berry Essential Oil is extracted from the fruits of many species of Juniper tree (Juniperus spp). There are more than 50 species of juniper and they can be found in many regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Junipers are an important part of traditional Naturopathic medicine for many indigenous cultures. Juniper Essential Oil is a popular ingredient in topical Naturopathic acne treatments.

Juniper Tree (Juniperus)
Juniper Tree (Juniperus occidentalis)

There is very little clinical research about the efficacy of Juniper Berry Essential Oil as a treatment for acne. However, many users have reported that topical treatments that contain Juniper Berry Essential Oil helped to improve their acne symptoms. Laboratory testing indicates that Juniper Berry Essential Oil is moderately toxic to gram-positive bacteria, including the acne-causing P. acnes bacteria. More research is needed to determine whether Juniper Berry Essential Oil should be more widely used as an acne treatment.

Chemical Composition of Juniper Berry Essential Oil (Filipowicz)
Chemical Composition of Juniper Berry Essential Oil (Filipowicz)

Essential Oil can be made from both the needles and the berries of Juniper trees, but Juniper Berry Essential Oil is the more common source. Juniper Berry Essential Oil contains significant concentrations of alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene, Myrcene, Humulene and Terpinen-4-ol. Several of these molecules are known to have biological activity and/or antibacterial properties.

Juniper Berry Essential Oil Images

References

Juniper @ Wikipedia
Antibacterial and antifungal activity of juniper berry oil and its selected components. Filipowicz, et al. 2003.
Analysis of Juniperus communis subsp. alpina needle, berry, wood and root oils by combination of GC, GC/MS and 13C-NMR. Gonny, et al. 2005.
Comparative analysis of the composition of essential oils and supercritical carbon dioxide extracts from the berries and needles of Estonian juniper (Juniperus communis L.). Orav, et al. 2010.
Chemical composition, cytotoxic activity and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of leaves and berries of Juniperus phoenicea L. grown in Egypt. El-Sawi, et al. 2007.
Solid lipid microparticles (SLM) containing juniper oil as anti-acne topical carriers: preliminary studies. Gavini, et al. 2005.
The Encyclopedia of essential oils: the complete guide to the use of aromatic oils in aromatherapy, herbalism, health, and well being. Lawless. 2013.

Ripe and Unripe Juniper Berries on Plant