Patchouli Essential Oil

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) Leaves

Patchouli Essential Oil is extracted from the leaves of several species of plants in the genus Pogostemon. Patchouli Essential Oil is widely used in Aromatherapy and perfumes. It is occasionally used in Naturopathic treatments for skin diseases, such as acne. When used in Naturopathic acne treatments, Patchouli Oil is often blended with other essential oils and active ingredients, and then applied topically.

Patchouli Leaves (Pogosteomon)
Patchouli Leaves (Pogosteomon)

Patchouli Essential Oil is purported to have antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties that can be helpful for individuals with skin infections, such as acne. It is also been claimed that Patchouli Essential Oil can improve skin tone and is a useful treatment for fine lines and uneven skin tone. However, few of these claims have been investigated in scientific studies. Patchouli Essential Oil is also used as a natural insect repellent.

Laboratory testing indicates that Patchouli Essential Oil has moderate antibacterial activity towards gram-positive bacteria, a group which includes the acne-causing P. acnes bacterium. However, many other essential oils have been shown to have stronger antibacterial properties than Patchouli Essential Oil.

Composition of Patchouli Essential Oil (Sundaresan)
Composition of Patchouli Essential Oil (Sundaresan)

The composition of Patchouli Essential Oil is variable and depends on the specific source material and how it was processed. Several species of Pogostemon are used to produce Patchouli Essential Oil, including Pogostemon cablin, P. commosum, P. heyneasus, P. hortensis,  and P. plectranthoides. Patchouli Essential Oil contains many biologically-active molecules, including abundant concentrations of alpha-Guaiene, delta-Guaiene, beta-Caryophyllene and alpha-Patchoulene.

 

Essential Oil Images

References

Patchouli Essential Oil @ Wikipedia
Comparison of extraction of patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) essential oil with supercritical CO 2 and by steam distillation. Donelian, et al. 1999.
Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts. Hammer, et al. 1999.
Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ten essential oils in vitro. Pattnaik, et al. 1995.
The effect of essential oils on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus using a dressing model. Edwards-Jones, et al. 2004.
Patchouli alcohol, an essential oil of Pogostemon cablin, exhibits anti-tumorigenic activity in human colorectal cancer cells. Jeong, et al. 2013.
Composition and comparison of essential oils of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth.(Patchouli) and Pogostemon travancoricus Bedd. var. travancoricus. Sundaresan, et al. 2009.
The Encyclopedia of essential oils: the complete guide to the use of aromatic oils in aromatherapy, herbalism, health, and well being. Lawless. 2013.
The in vitro antimicrobial activity and chemometric modelling of 59 commercial essential oils against pathogens of dermatological relevance. Orchard, et al. 2017.
Efficiency of Vanilla, Patchouli and Ylang Ylang Essential Oils Stabilized by Iron Oxide C14 Nanostructures against Bacterial Adherence and Biofilms Formed by Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Strains. Bilcu, et al. 2014.

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) Leaves